Exercise 9, Grammar Development

For this exercise, base yourselves on gramar9.lfg. This grammar continues on with re-engineering the toy English grammar into South Asian syntax and vocabulary. This particular grammar is assuming Urdu.

The control and complementation (XCOMP, COMP) of grammar8.lfg has not been integrated.

Tense/Aspect

Expand your grammar to deal with some Tense/Aspect. Your grammar should either parse the following Urdu examples or the equivalent in a South Asian language of your choice.

You will need to complicate the rule introducing the verbal complex (VC) in order to implement the above.

Modality

Expand your grammar to deal with some Modality. Your grammar should either parse the following Urdu example or the equivalent in a South Asian language of your choice.

You will have to complicate your VC rule further to integrate modality. The target f-structure should involve an XCOMP and look something like below. Note that you are dealing with a dative subject here as well and that you will have to adjust the GF template accordingly.

[PRED   'need<(^SUBJ),(^XCOMP)>'

SUBJ   [PRED 'Ali', CASE dat, NUM sg, PERS 3, GEND masc]

XCOMP  [PRED 'read<(^SUBJ),(^OBJ)>'
        SUBJ  [ALI]
        OBJ [PRED 'book', CASE nom, NUM sg, PERS 3, GEND fem]
        VFORM inf]

MOOD INDICATIVE
TENSE PRES
MODALITY obligation
]

Please submit your exericses and your testsuite to Miriam Butt (at uni-konstanz dot de) by Sept. 12th, 2014 at 9 am.


Relevant Reading Material

Bhatt, Rajesh, Tina Bögel, Miriam Butt, Annette Hautli, and Sebastian Sulger. 2011. Urdu/Hindi Modals. On-line LFG 2011 Proceedings, Hong Kong. Pages 47-67.

Butt, Miriam and Jafar Rizvi. 2010. Tense and Aspect in Urdu. In P. Cabredo-Hofherr and B. Laca (eds.) Layers of Aspect, 43-66. Stanford: CSLI Publications.

Butt, Miriam. 1995. Transfer I: Tense and Aspect. Verbmobil Report No. 55.